Scientists have improved properties of coating binders from palm oil-based oleic acid by copolymerising with acrylate monomers.
Coating binders were synthesised from palm oil-based oleic acid and acrylate monomers. At the first stage, a macromer was prepared from condensation reactions of palm oil-based oleic acid, glycerol, and phthalic anhydride. At the next stage, the macromer was copolymerised with selected acrylic monomers, methyl methacrylate, and butyl acrylate. Changing the ratio of the palm oleic acid macromer with both the acrylate monomers in the synthesis gave a higher conversion rate and solid content.
Better overall coating properties
The results showed that the thermal stability of the macromer improved after modification with the acrylate monomers. The coatings prepared with the highest ratio of the acrylate monomers exhibited better overall coating properties. The modified macromer coated on mild steel panels showed excellent adhesion, pencil hardness, and water and salt resistances. The Tafel polarisation curves showed that the corrosion rate in NaCl solution decreased significantly when the acrylate monomer content was increased.
The properties of coating binders from palm oil-based oleic acid have been improved.